Fyodor Sologub - Biografy and Poem Wine and Joy



Fyodor Sologub (Fyodor Kuzmich Teternikov) was born in Petersburg into the family of a tailor and a peasant. Until 1907 he worked as a teacher of mathematics and then as a school inspector. He was a member of a circle of symbolist poets. As Alexander Blok pointed out, the subject of Sologub’s poetry was “the soul refracting the world inside it, rather than the world refracted in the soul”.
Grandiloquent surges peculiar to the symbolist poetry of that time for Sologub were impregnated with bitterness of the sufferings of poverty that he had endured.
The summit of Sologub’s prose writing is his famous novel The Petty Demon written in 1902 and published in 1907. The creation of this novel determined Sologub's further destiny: he got an opportunity to retire and devote his life to literary work. He started to write the novel Navyi Charms.
The years 1910-1912 saw the publication of Sologub's Collected Works in twelve volumes. The writer also made lots of translations. Fyodor Sologub died in Leningrad on December 5, 1927. He was laid down to rest at Smolensk orthodox cemetery.


Wine And Joy

Wine and joy are completely forgotten,
As well as his armor and sword.
Alone he descends in the rotten
Mysterious dungeon. The door
Is squeaking with long drawn sound
For no one has entered inside.
The dark and the damp reign around.
The window is narrow and high.

His eyes grow accustomed to the gloom and
Through the dust and the web he explores
Some strange marks, emerging and looming
On the floor, on the vaults, on the walls.
He gazes at the marks’ interlacement
At those incomprehensible signs
And tarries for Death to embrace him
To enlighten his soul and eyes. 

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