Wladimir Baranoff Rossine
painter, graphic artist, sculptor, inventor
Vladimir Baranov came from a bourgeois class. In 1903-1908 he attended the Odessa Art College. In 1908 he arrived in St. Petersburg, where he enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts, but was not present in the classroom and one year for it was certified.
Since 1907 began to participate in the first avant-garde exhibitions ( "Stephanos" in Moscow, 1907, in conjunction with DD Burliuk, AV Lentulov and A. , A. Exter in the exhibition "Link" in Kiev, 1908; "Wreath-Stephanos" in St. Petersburg, 1909, "The Impressionists" in St. Petersburg, Vilna, Berlin, 1909-1910, exhibition at the Art Bureau of NE Dobychina in Petrograd, 1919).
In 1910 he went to Paris, where he settled in the colony of artists "The Hive" next to M. Chagall, A. Zadkine, A. Archipenko, J. Sutin, A . Modigliani and others. Under the pseudonym Rossini (and then doubling last name) has exhibited in the salons of its futuristic and Suprematist compositions, as well as sculpture - for example, in the Salon of Independent presented the "Symphony number 2" of metal pipes, wires and springs (1914, not preserved). Works Baranova has underlined G. Apollinaire.
In those same years Baranov interested in the idea of music and color synthesis through the use of basic spectral colors and made friends with the founder of Orphism R. Delaunay. Under the influence of Delaunay created such films as "War", "Blue Apocalypse". I became acquainted with Scriabin and wrote his portrait, on which the composer left his autograph: "Musicians paint - Scriabin».
the outbreak of World War II, in 1915 Baranov moved to Scandinavia, he lived in Norway. It finally took shape style of the artist. He designed "optofonicheskoe" piano and held it first concerts in Christiania (now - Oslo) and Stockholm. In the Norwegian capital held and the first personal exhibition of works Baranova.
In 1917, after returning to Russia, Baranov settled in Moscow, where he was a professor teaching at the Higher Artistic-Technical Workshops (Higher Art School), served in the Commissariat of Education at the College of Arts and the art industry, led workshop in PGSHUM.
the same time worked in Petrograd: performed revolutionary panels, participated in the decoration of the city for the first anniversary in October (co-authored with BM Kustodiev and KS Petrov -- Vodkin). Also in 1917, introduced more than 60 of his works in the exhibition at the Art Bureau Dobychina (Petrograd), as well as the exhibition of paintings and sculptures by artists of the Jews (Moscow).
Developing ideas Orphism, in early 1920 Baranov turned to the designs of light and Scriabin. He designed a piano - advanced optophone, for each key which had fixed some sound and color. The light through the optical filters are projected on the so-called "hromotron" (screen).
first "Optofonicheskie color-visual concert" with a libretto by its creator had in the theater of Vsevolod Meyerhold (1923) and the Bolshoi Theater (1924). The author himself played an instrument "Party of the world" as arranged by the Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Female.
In 1925 Baranov settled in Paris, where the patent, and actively demonstrated his invention. There he continued to hold optofonicheskie concerts. Founded Optofonicheskuyu Academy, which dealt with audio-visual research and teaching.
In 1930 Baranov-Rossine invented and other aggregates, such as "hromofotomer" (for checking the quality of precious stones) and "multiperko" (for production and purification of chemical solutions, sterilization carbonated liquids patented in 1934), as well as "dynamic camouflage (to hide troops, patented in 1939).
In the field of sculpture and painting Baranov-Rossine in this period created a series of abstract compositions, firmly associated with musical associations. In these compositions used the principle of "Möbius strip", polychrome and various kinds of materials and textures. Baranov was interested in any of the latest picturesque streams, particularly Surrealism. Regularly exhibited at the Salon of Independent.
the sake of earning the artist had to do business, one time Baranov selling real estate.
Since the beginning of World War II, Baranov refused to leave France. In November 1943, when Paris was occupied, the artist as a Jew was arrested and taken to Germany, where he died in a Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz.
In Russia creativity Baranova-Rossine been long forgotten. But now, interest in him revived, due, probably, more attention to the pictures of the artist abroad. In 1954 the Salon of Independent gave a posthumous exhibition Baranova-Rossine.
Exhibitions held in Paris (1970, 1972/1973, 1984), London (1970), as well as in the State Tretyakov Gallery in Russia in 2004.
Works Baranova-Rossine are in the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum, the Museum of Modern Art in New York, the Pompidou Center in Paris, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne.